Foshan is a prefecture-level city in Guangdong Province, China. It has 5 districts under its jurisdiction, with a total area of 3797.72 square kilometers and a built-up area of 373 square kilometers. The permanent population is 8.1586 million. The urban population is 7.75 million, and the urbanization rate is 95%. Foshan people mainly speak Cantonese. A minority from parts of Sanshui, Gaoming, and Nanhai have Hakka dialects too.
In 2018, Foshan achieved a GDP of 993.5 billion Yuan, ranking 16th among the large and medium-sized cities in China. The total industrial output value was 2.4 trillion Yuan, ranking 6th in the country. According to the Chinese City Competitiveness Report issued by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Foshan’s comprehensive economic competitiveness ranks 11th.
Known as “the land of plenty”, Foshan has a mild climate with abundant rainfall, and four seasons are relatively warm. It has a subtropical monsoon humid climate with an average annual temperature of 23.2 °C. The Xijiang River and Beijiang River and their tributaries in the Pearl River Water System run through the whole territory of Foshan, which makes it one of the typical delta river network regions.
Foshan is located at 113°06’E and 23°02’N in South China, the central part of Guangdong Province, the hinterland of Pearl River Delta, adjacent to Hong Kong and Macao, Guangzhou in the East, Zhongshan in the south. It forms the “Guangzhou-Foshan metropolitan area” together with Guangzhou. This vigorously promotes the cooperation between Guangzhou and Foshan with urbanization, and creates an international metropolitan area. It is one of the big cities in the Pearl River Delta, an important node city in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, and an important part of the “Guangzhou-Foshan-Zhaoqing Economic Circle” and the “Pearl River-Xijiang Economic Belt”. As an important manufacturing base in China, Foshan is one of the most developed regions in the country’s privately-operated economy, and is in a leading position in the economic development of Guangdong Province. It’s an Economic and Trade Center on the West Wing of the Pearl River Delta and an integrated transportation hub.
According to the sixth national census in 2010, the permanent resident population of Foshan was 7194311. Compared with 5337888 in the fifth national census, the number of permanent residents in Foshan has increased by 34.78% (a total of 1856423 people) over the past ten years. The average annual growth rate is 3.03%. Among them, the male population is 3875041, accounting for 53.86%; the female population is 3319270, accounting for 46.14%. The sex ratio of the total population (100 for women) was 116.74. The population aged 0-14 is 852619, accounting for 11.85%; the population aged 15-64 is 5968913, accounting for 82.97%; the population aged 65 and above is 372779, accounting for 5.18%.
At the end of 2018, the permanent population was 7,905,700, with an increase of 249,900 or 3.25% over the end of the previous year. The birth rate was 12.53 ‰, the mortality rate was 3.25 ‰; the natural growth rate was 9.28 ‰.
By the end of 2019, Foshan had a permanent population of 8.1586 million, with an increase of 252900 or 3.20% over the end of the previous year; the birth rate was 12.01 ‰, the mortality rate was 3.45 ‰; and the natural growth rate was 8.56 ‰.
Foshan is rich in tourism resources and is a famous tourist destination. The Ancestral Temple, Xiqiao Mountain, Ancient Nanfeng Kiln, Qinghui Garden, Zaomu Mountain, Nanguo Taoyuan, World of Flower in Chencun, Sanshui Lotus World were rated as the New Eight Scenic Sights of Foshan. Foshan Ancestral Temple combines ancient potteries, wood carving, casting and architectural art, and is known as the Palace of Oriental Art. Xiqiao Mountain is a national scenic spot, which is one of the two famous mountains in south Guangdong. Shunde Qinghui garden and Foshan Liang’s Garden are two of the four famous gardens in Guangdong in Qing Dynasty. Gaoming Zaomo Mountain is the highest peak in Foshan. World of Flowers in Chencun is the largest flower production and trading base and theme park about flower culture in southern China. Sanshui Lotus World is a large-scale ecological special garden with a rich variety of lotuses. There are also Donghuali, Kang Youwei’s former residence, Baolin temple, Lubao ancestral temple, Huang Feihong Memorial Hall and Li Xiaolong memorial hall, which can let tourists enjoy the unique Lingnan culture. At present, Foshan’s characteristic tourism with the theme of history and culture, southern martial arts, business exhibitions, sightseeing, leisure and vacation, shopping and dining, and beautification of home furnishing is on the rise.
Foshan food culture has a long history and is the “hometown of food” in the Pearl River Delta. Foshan is one of the birthplaces of Cantonese cuisine. Foshan has always been famous for its local recipes, tea houses and restaurants, and excellent cooking skills. Foshan people definitely have their own way of making food delicious. In 2004, Shunde was named “Hometown of Chinese Chefs” by the China Culinary Association. In order to promote the food culture of Foshan, the “Foshan Food Festival” held every year during the National Day holiday has become a grand tourism festival integrating food, tourism, culture and art. You must pay a visit if you are in Foshan.
Science and Technology
According to the latest report on Foshan’s science technology and education, at the end of last year, there were 3079 engineering centers at all levels in Foshan, including 800 provincial-level engineering centers and 1,123 municipal-level engineering centers. The number of high-tech enterprises was around 4873. The number of new provincial engineering centers was around 90. Foshan got 17 provincial science and technology awards throughout 2019. There were 16887 patent applications and 4582 authorizations. Two well-known Chinese trademarks have been added.
Foshan Events and Activities
The reason we think Foshan is a city of culture because Foshan has its own local events that are popular among the citizens. Most of these following events are held every year. They have developed over the years and grow with the city. They play a big part in the colorful life of the people of Foshan.
New Year Flower Market: Visiting the flower market is a long-standing folk custom of people in the Pearl River Delta. The flower market is held three days before the Spring Festival. New Year’s Eve is the climax of the flower market. They attract a large number of people in the city. People buy flowers to decorate their homes hoping to have good fortune in the next year.
Lion dance: Lion dance is one of the cultural activities around the Spring Festival in Guangdong Province. In Foshan, Spring Festival doesn’t feel right without the lion dancers. During the Spring Festival, you can see lion dance performances in Foshan, and a large-scale “Lion King Competition” will be organized in some towns. Lion dance can also be seen in other places in China, but the reason it has become a special activity of the Spring Festival in Foshan is due to the long history of lion dance culture, with a skill that stands out in the country. The lion dance skill integrates Foshan kung fu, so if you watch the Foshan lion dance, you can also see the Foshan kung fu in it. If you are a fan of Kung Fu or lion dance, you don’t want to miss it.
Crossing the Tongji Bridge: Every year on the 16th of the first lunar month, Foshan people have a custom of going across the Tongji Bridge. “Walking on the Tongji Bridge helps you become worry-free.” is a popular saying among Foshan people. Every year the Foshan government organizes people to cross the bridge with windmills that are considered good luck flowing in. There is an endless stream of people and it is a very lively scene.
Dragon Boat Racing
Dragon Boat Race: During the Dragon Boat Festival every year, there are dragon boat races held in various places in Foshan, and the towns and villages send their teams to participate in the race. The fine and eye-catching dragon boats compete with each other. The two sides of the river are full of spectators, and the sounds of gongs and drums and shouts are one after another.
Autumn lantern parades: Autumn lantern parade, also known as “Autumn Festival” and “Autumn Scenery”, is a large-scale folk cultural and entertainment event unique to Foshan. In the past, the Autumn lantern parade was mostly held in the evening of the autumn harvest season. The Autumn Parade developed in Yongle period of Ming Dynasty. All kinds of exquisite arts and crafts were exhibited in the form of parades, and dragon dance, lion dance, Shifan, gongs, and drums cabinet were performed for the masses to watch and comment.